A COMPARISON OF POMERANIAN BREED STANDARDS (British) 1878 -2017

Information compiled in this format by Vivienne Peterson – copyright   April 2017

Sources

Points of the Pomeranian 1878 Source – J H Walsh (Stonehenge) – The Dogs of the British Islands – in Chapter II - The Pomeranian or Spitz Dog; also called the Loup-Loup

STANDARD OF POINTS 1892 Source – Rawdon B. Lee – A History and description of the modern dogs of Great Britain and Ireland – Non Sporting Division including toy, pet, fancy, and ladies’ dogs. Published in 1894

Scale of Points 1898 – Rawdon B. Lee – A History and description of the modern dogs of Great Britain and Ireland – Non Sporting Division including toy, pet, fancy, and ladies’ dogs.  2nd edition published in 1899.

Standard 1901 - Source – William Drury – British dogs, their points, selection, and show preparation. Published in 1903

STANDARD OF POINTS 1906 Source – G.M. Hicks, M.A. – The Pomeranian published 1906. Hicks omitted ‘Legs’ so this information from The New Book of the Dog by Robert Leighton 1907.

Scale of Points of the Pomeranian December 1909 – Show Pomeranians – Lilla Ives published 1911

Pomeranian Breed Standard 1950 – The Pomeranian – Hilary Harmar – published in 1967

Pomeranian Breed Standard 1986, 2009, 2013 & 2017 – Kennel Club 

1892 - Appearance – The Pomeranian in build and appearance should somewhat resemble the Chow Chow, but the head must be much finer and the ears closer together, and in coat he should be almost a duplicate of a well-coated Scotch collie, with the difference that his coat should be softer in texture, long and lustrous, with a fluffy under-coat, and standing out from the body more than does the collie’s. He should be a compact, short coupled dog, well knit in frame, with his tail curled tightly over the back, and covered with long, flowing hair. His head and face should be foxlike, with small erect ears that appear sensible to every sound; he should exhibit great intelligence in his expression, docility in his disposition, and activity and buoyancy in his deportment.

1898 - Appearance – The Pomeranian in build and appearance should be a compact short coupled dog, well-knit in frame. His head and face should be fox-like, with small erect ears that appear sensible to every sound; he should exhibit great intelligence in his expression, docility in his disposition, and activity and buoyancy in his deportment.

1901 &1906 - Appearance – The Pomeranian in build and appearance should be a compact short coupled dog, well-knit in frame. His head and face should be fox-like, with small erect ears that appear sensible to every sound; he should exhibit great intelligence in his expression, docility in his disposition, and activity and buoyancy in his deportment.

1909 -Appearance – The Pomeranian in build and appearance should be a compact short coupled dog, well knit in frame. His head and face should be fox-like, with small erect ears that appear sensible to every sound; he should exhibit great intelligence in his expression, activity, and buoyancy in his deportment.

1950 - Appearance – The Pomeranian in build and appearance should be a compact short coupled dog, well knit in frame. He should exhibit great intelligence in his expression, activity, and buoyancy in his deportment.

1986 - General Appearance - Compact, short coupled dog, well knit in frame. Exhibiting great intelligence in expression; activity and buoyancy in deportment.

 

2009 - General Appearance- Compact, short coupled dog, well knit in frame. Exhibiting great intelligence in expression; activity and buoyancy in deportment.

 

1986 – Characteristics - Sound, vivacious and dainty.

2009 – Characteristics - Sound, vivacious and dainty.

 

1986 – Temperament - Extrovert, lively and intelligent.

2009 –Temperament- Extrovert, lively and intelligent.

 

1986 - Gait/ Movement - Free moving, brisk and buoyant.

2009 - Gait/ Movement - Free moving, brisk and buoyant.

 

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1878 – The head is very wide between the ears, and tapers towards the eyes still more than in the colley, resembling the head of the fox almost exactly. Upper surface flat, with a slight furrow down the middle. There is a marked occipital protuberance, but not so much pronounced as in some breeds. Brow sufficiently raised to prevent a straight line.

1892- Head – Somewhat foxy in outline, or wedge-shaped, the skull being large in proportion to the muzzle, which should finish rather fine, and be free from lippiness. The head in its profile may exhibit a little ‘stop’ which, however, must not be too pronounced, and the hair on head and face must be smooth or short-coated.

1898 - Head – Somewhat foxy in outline, or wedge-shaped, the skull being slightly flat (although in the Toy varieties the skull may be rather rounded), large in proportion to the muzzle, which should finish rather fine, and be free from lippiness. The teeth should be level, and on no account undershot. The head in its profile may exhibit a little “stop” which, however, must not be too pronounced, and the hair on head and face must be smooth or short-coated.

1901 & 1906 - Head – The head should be somewhat foxy in outline, or wedge-shaped, the skull being slightly flat (although in the Toy varieties the skull may be rather rounder), large in proportion to the muzzle, which should finish rather fine, and be free from lippiness. The teeth should be level, and on no account undershot. The head in its profile may exhibit a little “stop” which, however, must not be too pronounced, and the hair on head and face must be smooth or short-coated.

1878 – The Muzzle tapers from the cheeks, which are wide, to the point of the nose, which is very fine and fox-like. The tip should be black. Lower jaw generally shorter than the upper.

1892- Nose – In black, black and tan, or white dogs the nose should be black; in other coloured Pomeranians it may more often be brown or liver-coloured, but in all cases the nose must be self and not parti-coloured, and never white.

1898 -Nose – In black, black and tan, or white dogs the nose should be black; in other coloured Pomeranians it may more often be brown or liver-coloured, but in all cases the nose must be self and not parti-coloured, and never white.

1901 & 1906 - Nose – In black, black and tan, or white dogs the nose should be black; in other coloured Pomeranians it may more often be brown or liver-coloured, but in all cases the nose must be self, not parti-coloured, and never white.

1909 - Head and Nose – The head and nose should be foxy in outline, or wedge-shaped, the skull being slightly flat, large in proportion to the muzzle, which should finish rather fine, and be free from lippiness. The teeth should be level, and on no account undershot. The hair on head and face should be smooth or short-coated. The nose should be black in white, orange, and shaded-sable dogs; but in other colours may be “self-coloured”, but never parti-coloured or white.

1950 - Head and skull – The head and nose should be foxy in outline, or wedge-shaped. The skull being slightly flat, large in proportion to the muzzle, which should finish rather fine, and be free from lippiness. The hair on head and face should be smooth and short-coated. The nose should be black in white, orange, and shaded-sable dogs; brown in chocolate tipped sable dogs but in other colours may be “self-coloured”, but never parti-coloured or white.

1986 - Head and Skull - Head and nose foxy in outline, skull flat, large in proportion to muzzle which finishes finely and free from lippiness. Nose black in white, orange and shaded sable dogs; brown in chocolate tipped sable dogs, but in other colours may be “self-coloured,” never part-coloured or flesh.

2009 - Head and Skull - Head and nose foxy in outline, skull slightly flat, large in proportion to muzzle which finishes finely and free from lippiness. Nose black in white, orange and shaded sable dogs; brown in chocolate tipped sable dogs, but in other colours may be “self-coloured,” never part-coloured or flesh.

 

1950 - Mouth – Teeth should be level and should on no account be undershot, or overshot.

1986 – Mouth - Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, ie. the upper teeth closely over-lapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

2009 – Mouth - Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, ie. upper teeth closely over-lapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

 

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1878 – Ears The ears must be small and pricked, resembling those of the fox in shape, and only very slightly exceeding them in size. A large ear is a great defect, even if properly pricked.

1892 - Ears – Should be small, and carried perfectly erect or pricked, like a fox’s, and, like the head, should be covered with soft, short hair.

1898 -Ears – Should be small, and carried perfectly erect or pricked, like those of a fox, and, like the head, should be covered with short hair. No plucking or trimming is allowable.

1901 & 1906 - Ears – Should be small, not set too far apart nor too low down, and carried perfectly erect, like those of a fox, and, like the head, should be covered with soft, short hair. No plucking or trimming is allowable.

1909 - Ears – The ears should be small, not set too far apart, nor too low down, but carried perfectly erect like those of a fox.

1950 - Ears – The ears should be small, not set too far apart, nor too low down, but carried perfectly erect like those of a fox.

1986 – Ears - Small, not set too wide apart, not too low down, but carried perfectly erect.

2009 – Ears- Relatively small, not set too wide apart, not too low down, but carried perfectly erect.

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1878 – Eyes – the eyes rather large, and generally of a dark brown or hazel colour. Eyelids generally set obliquely.

1892 - Eyes – Should be medium in size, rather oblique in shape, not set too wide apart, bright and dark in colour, showing great intelligence and docility of temper. In a white dog black rings round the eyes are preferable.

1898 - Eyes – Should be medium in size, rather oblique in shape, not set too wide apart, bright and dark in colour, showing great intelligence and docility of temper. In a white dog black rims round the eyes are preferable.

1901 & 1906 -Eyes – Should be medium in size, rather oblique in shape, not set too wide apart, bright and dark in colour, showing great intelligence and docility of temper. In a white dog black rims round the eyes are preferable.

1909 -Eyes – The eyes should be medium in size, not full nor set too wide apart, bright and dark in colour, and showing great intelligence. In white, orange, shaded-sables and cream dogs, the rims round the eyes should be black.

1950 - Eyes – The eyes should be medium in size, slightly oval in shape, not full, not set too wide apart, bright and dark in colour, and showing great intelligence. In white, orange, shaded-sables and cream dogs, the rims round the eyes should be black.

1986 – Eyes - Medium size, slightly oval, not full, not set too wide apart; bright, dark and showing great intelligence. In white, orange, shaded and cream dogs rims black.

 

2009 – Eyes - Medium size, slightly oval, not full, not set too wide apart; bright, dark and showing great intelligence. In white, orange, shaded and cream dogs rims black.

 

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1878 – The shoulders are greatly hidden by the frill, but they must be oblique and muscular.

1892 - Neck and Shoulders – The neck, if anything should be rather short, well set in, and lionlike, covered with a profuse mane, and frill of long, straight, glossy hair, sweeping from the under jaw, and covering the whole of the front part of the shoulders and chest, as well as flowing on the top part of the shoulders. The shoulders must be tolerably clean, and laid well back.

1898 - Neck and Shoulders – The neck, if anything should be rather short, well set in, and lion-like, covered with a profuse mane, and frill of long, straight, glossy hair, sweeping from the under jaw, and covering the whole of the front part of the shoulders. The shoulders must be tolerably clean, and laid well back.

1901 & 1906 - Neck and Shoulders – The neck, if anything should be rather short, well set on, and lion-like, covered with a profuse mane, and frill of long, straight, hair, sweeping from the under jaw, and covering the whole of the front part of the shoulders. The shoulders must be tolerably clean, and laid well back.

1909 -Neck and Body – The neck should be rather short and well set in. The back must be short, and the body compact, being well ribbed up and the barrel well rounded. The chest must be fairly deep and not too wide, but in proportion to the size of the dog.

1950 -Forequarters – The shoulders should be clean and well laid back. The legs must be well feathered and perfectly straight, of medium length and not such as would be termed “leggy or “low on leg” but in length and strength in due proportion to a well balanced frame.

1986 – Forequarters - Shoulders clean and well laid back. Fine boned legs, perfectly straight, of medium length in due proportion to size of dog.

2009 – Forequarters - Shoulders clean and well laid back. Fine- boned legs, perfectly straight, of medium length in due proportion to size of dog.

 

1950 -Neck – The neck should be rather short and well set in.

1986 – Neck - Rather short and well set into shoulders.

2009 – Neck - Rather short and well set into shoulders.

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1878 – Chest round and rather deep; but the back ribs are generally very short, leading to a nipped loin.

 

1878 – The loin owing to the above cause,  is often weak if examined carefully beneath the thick coat, which conceals this defect.

 

1892 - Body – The back must be short, and the body compact, being well ribbed up and the barrel well rounded. The chest must be fairly deep and not too wide.

1898 -Body – The back must be short, and the body compact, being well ribbed up and the barrel well rounded. The chest must be fairly deep and not too wide.

1901 & 1906 - Body – The back must be short, and the body compact, being well ribbed up and the barrel well rounded. The chest must be fairly deep and not too wide.

1950 - Body - The back must be short, and the body compact, being well ribbed up and the barrel well rounded. The chest must be fairly deep and not too wide, but in proportion to the size of the dog.

1986 – Body- Back short, body compact well ribbed up, barrel well rounded. Chest fairly deep, not too wide but in proportion to size of dog.

 

2009 – Body - Back short, body compact well ribbed up, barrel well rounded. Chest fairly deep, not too wide but in proportion to size of dog.

 

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1878 – The legs are generally straight and strong, with elbows well let down, and clean hocks. Any defect therefore in these points will be severely penalised.

 

1892 - Legs – The fore legs must be perfectly straight, of medium length, not such as would be termed either ‘leggy’ or ‘low on leg’, but in due proportion in length and strength to a well-balanced frame, and the fore legs and thighs must be well feathered.

1898 -Legs – The fore legs must be perfectly straight, of medium length, not such as would be termed either ‘leggy’ or ‘low on leg’, but in due proportion in length and strength to a well-balanced frame, and the forelegs and thighs must be well feathered, the feet small and compact in shape. No trimming is allowable.

1901 & 1906 - Legs – The fore legs must be perfectly straight, of medium length, not such as would be termed either ‘leggy’ or ‘low on leg’, but in due proportion in length and strength to a well-balanced frame, and the forelegs and thighs must be well feathered, the feet small and compact in shape. No trimming is allowable.

1909 -Legs – The forelegs must be well feathered and perfectly straight, of medium length, and not such as would be termed either ‘leggy’ or ‘low on leg’, but in length and strength in due proportion to a well-balanced frame. The shoulders should be clean and well laid back. The hind legs and thighs must be well feathered down to the hocks, and must be neither “cow-hocked” nor wide behind. They must be fine in bone and free in action. The feet should be small and compact in shape.

1878 – The feet are cat-like, and rather small; toes well arched; but soles are apt to be thin and unfit for road work.

1950 - Feet – The feet should be small and compact in shape.

1986 – Feet - Small, compact and cat like.

2009 – Feet - Small, compact and cat like.

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1950 -Hindquarters – The legs and thighs must be well feathered down to the hocks and must not be cow-hocked or wide behind. They must be fine in bone and free in action.

1986 – Hindquarters - Fine boned, legs neither cow-hocked nor wide behind; medium angulation.

2009 – Hindquarters - Fine boned, legs neither cow-hocked nor wide behind; medium angulation.

 

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1878 –The tail is tightly curled over the back, shaggy, and rather short otherwise.

1892 - Tail –The tail is characteristic of the breed, and should be well twisted right up from the root tightly over the back, or lying flat on the back slightly on either side, and profusely covered with long hair, spreading out and flowing over the back.

1898 -Tail –The tail is characteristic of the breed, and should be well twisted right up from the root tightly over the back, or lying flat on the back slightly on either side, and profusely covered with long hair, spreading out and flowing over the back.

1901 & 1906 - Tail –The tail is characteristic of the breed, and should be turned over the back and carried flat being profusely covered with long, spreading hair.

1909 -Tail –The tail is one of the characteristics of the breed, and should be turned over the back and carried flat and straight, being profusely covered with long, harsh, spreading hair.

1950 -Tail –The tail is one of the characteristics of the breed, and should be turned over the back and carried flat and straight, being profusely covered with long, harsh, spreading hair.

1986 – Tail - Characteristic of the breed, high set, turned over back and carried flat and straight, profusely covered with long, harsh, spreading hair.

 

2009 – Tail - Characteristic of the breed, high set, turned over back and carried flat and straight, profusely covered with long, harsh, spreading hair.

 

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1878 – The coat is of a peculiar texture, differing from that of all other dogs in its resemblance to coarse fur rather than hair. It is so marked in this respect that the under-coat, which exists as in the colley, can scarcely be distinguished from it. The frill is of the same character, but rather more hairy in the texture of its long fibres. It is quite as full as in the colley. In the best specimens, and when deficient should be estimated accordingly. In the black varieties the coat is more hairy, and has even a tendency to be silky. In the best strains the coat stands out uniformly from the body like that of the fox or cat, without any disposition to collect in flecks or wavy curls. The forelegs are slightly feathered, but the hind are quite clean. The face is quite bare of all but very short hair.

1892 - Coat – Properly speaking there should be two coats, an under and an over coat, the one a soft, fluffy under -coat, and the other a long, perfectly straight, and glossy coat, covering the whole of the body, being very abundant round the neck and forepart of the shoulders and chest, where it should form a frill of long, flowing hair, extending over the shoulders, as previously described. The hind -quarters above the hocks should be clad with long hair or feathering from the hocks downwards, like the collie. The hair on the tail must be, as previously described, profuse, and flowing over the back.

1898 - Coat – Properly speaking there should be two coats, an under and an over coat, the one a soft, fluffy under -coat, and the other a long, perfectly straight, and glistening coat, covering the whole of the body, being very abundant round the neck and forepart of the shoulders and chest, where it should form a frill of long, flowing hair, extending over the shoulders, as previously described. The hind –quarters, like those of the Collie, should be similarly clad with long hair, or feathering from the top of the rump to the hocks. The hair on the tail must be, as previously described, profuse, and flowing over the back.

1901 & 1906 - Coat – Properly speaking there should be two coats, an under and an over coat, the one a soft, fluffy under -coat, and the other a long, perfectly straight, and coat, covering the whole of the body, being very abundant round the neck and forepart of the shoulders and chest, where it should form a frill of profuse, standing off straight hair, extending over the shoulders, as previously described. The hind –quarters, like those of the Collie, should be similarly clad with long hair, or feathering from the top of the rump to the hocks. The hair on the tail must be, as previously described, profuse, and flowing over the back.

1909 -Coat – There should be two coats - an undercoat and an overcoat, the one, a soft, fluffy undercoat, the other a long, perfectly straight coat, harsh in texture and covering the whole of the body, being very abundant round the neck and forepart of the shoulders and chest, where it should form a frill of profuse, standing off straight hair, extending over the shoulders. The hindquarters, should be clad with long hair, or feathering, from the top of the rump to the hocks.

1950 -Coat – There should be two coats - an undercoat and an overcoat, the one, a soft, fluffy undercoat, the other a long, perfectly straight coat, harsh in texture and covering the whole of the body, being very abundant round the neck and forepart of the shoulders and chest, where it shall form a frill of profuse, off standing straight hair, extending over the shoulders. The hindquarters, should be clad with long hair, or feathering, from the top of the rump to the hocks.

1986 - Coat - Two coats, an under-coat and an outer-coat. Former soft and fluffy, the latter long, perfectly straight, harsh in texture and covering whole of body; very abundant round neck and fore part of shoulders and chest; forming frill extending over shoulders. Forequarters well feathered, thighs and hindlegs well feathered to hocks.

 

2009 - Coat - Two coats, an under-coat and an outer-coat. Former soft and fluffy, the latter long, perfectly straight, harsh in texture and covering whole of body; very abundant round neck and fore part of shoulders and chest; forming frill extending over shoulders. Forequarters well feathered, thighs and hindlegs well feathered to hocks.

 

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1878 – The colour should be dead flake white, without any mixture of yellow. A patch of fawn is often to be seen on the head or body, but it is very objectionable. There is a black variety highly prized in Germany, apparently the produce of a cross, as the texture of coat and size of ears are very different from the best specimens of the white breed. A red strain, closely resembling the fox in texture of coat, and in all respects but the tail, is also met with occasionally on the continent of Europe

1892 - Colour – The following colours are admissible. White, black, blue, brown, black and tan, fawn, sable, red and parti -colours. The whites must be free from lemon or any colour, and the blacks, blues, browns, black and tans, and any reds free from white. A few white hairs in any self-colours shall not disqualify, but should be discouraged.

1898 -Colour – The following colours are admissible. White, black, blue, brown, black and tan, fawn, sable, red and parti -colours. The whites must be free from lemon or any colour, and the blacks, blues, browns, black and tans, and reds free from white. A few white hairs in any self-colours shall not disqualify, but should carry great weight against a dog. In parti-coloured dogs the colours should be evenly distributed on the body. Whole coloured dogs with a white foot or feet, leg or legs, are decidedly objectionable and should be discouraged, and cannot compete as whole coloured specimens. In mixed classes - where whole coloured and parti-coloured Pomeranians compete together the preference should, if in other points they are equal, be given to the whole coloured specimens.

1901 - Colour – The following colours are admissible: - White, black, blue or grey, brown, sable or shaded sable (including red, orange or fawn), and parti -colours. The whites must be quite free from lemon or any colour, and the blacks, blues, browns and sables from any white. A few white hairs in any of the self-colours shall not absolutely disqualify, but should carry great weight against a dog. In parti-coloured dogs the colours should be evenly distributed on the body in patches; a dog with a white foot or a white chest would not be a parti-coloured. Whole coloured dogs with a white foot or feet, leg or legs, are decidedly objectionable and should be discouraged, and cannot compete as whole coloured specimens. In mixed classes - where whole coloured and parti-coloured Pomeranians compete together - the preference should, if in other points they are equal, be given to the whole coloured specimens.

1906 - Colour – The following colours are admissible: - White, black, blue or grey, brown, sable or shaded sable (including red, orange or fawn), and parti -colours. The whites must be quite free from lemon or any colour, and the blacks, blues, browns and sables from any white. A few white hairs in any of the self-colours shall not absolutely disqualify, but should carry great weight against a dog. In parti-coloured dogs the colours should be evenly distributed on the body in patches; a dog with a white foot or a white chest would not be a parti-coloured. Whole coloured dogs with a white foot or feet, leg or legs, are decidedly objectionable and should be discouraged, and cannot compete as whole coloured specimens. In mixed classes - where whole coloured and parti-coloured Pomeranians compete together - the preference should, if in other points they are equal, be given to the whole coloured specimens. Shaded sables must be shaded throughout with three or more colours, as uniformly as possible, with no patches of self-colour. Oranges must be self-coloured throughout, and light shading, though not disqualifying, should be discouraged.

1909 -Colour –All whole colours are admissible, but they should be free from white shadings. At present the whole coloured dogs are:- White, black, brown - light or dark, blue as pale as possible, orange which should be deep and even in colour as possible, beaver and cream which should have black noses and black rims around the eyes. Whites must be quite free from lemon or any other colour. A few white hairs in any of the self-coloured dogs shall not necessarily disqualify. Dogs other than white, with white or tan markings, are decidedly objectionable, and should be discouraged. They cannot compete as whole coloured specimens. In parti-coloured dogs the colours should be evenly distributed on the body in patches; a dog with white or tan feet or chest would not be a parti-coloured dog. Shaded sables should be shaded throughout with three or more colours, the hair to be as uniformly shaded as possible, and with no patches of self-colour. In mixed classes - where whole coloured and parti-coloured Pomeranians compete together - the preference should, if in other points they are equal, be given to the whole coloured specimens.

1950 -Colour – All whole colours are admissible, but they should be free from black or white shadings. At present the whole coloured dogs are:- White, black, brown - light or dark, blue as pale as possible. Orange, which should be as self coloured and bright as possible. Beaver. Cream dogs, which should have black noses and black rims around the eyes. Whites must be quite free from lemon or any other colour. A few white hairs in any of the self-coloured dogs shall not heavily penalize. Dogs (other than white) with white or tan markings, are decidedly objectionable, and should be discouraged. They cannot compete as whole coloured specimens. In parti-coloured dogs the colours should be evenly distributed on the body in patches; a dog with a white or tan feet or chest would not be a parti-coloured dog. Shaded sables should be shaded throughout with three or more colours, the hair to be as uniformly shaded as possible, and with no patches of self-colour. In mixed classes - where whole coloured and parti-coloured Pomeranians compete together - the preference should, if in other points they are equal, be given to the whole coloured specimens.

1986 - Colour –All colours permissible, but free from black or white shadings.  Whole colours are:  White, black, brown, light or dark, blue as pale as possible. Orange, which should be as self -coloured and bright as possible. Beaver. Cream dogs, have black noses and black eye rims round the eyes. White must be quite free from lemon or any other colours. A few white hairs, in any of the self-coloured dogs permissible but undesirable. Dogs (other than white) with white or tan markings highly undesirable and not considered whole coloured specimens. In parti-coloured dogs, colours evenly distributed on body in patches; a dog with white or tan feet or chest not a parti-coloured dog. Shaded sables should be shaded throughout with three or more colours, the hair to be as uniformly shaded as possible, and with no patches of self-colour. In mixed classes, where whole coloured and parti-coloured Pomeranians compete together, the preference should, if in other points they are equal, be given to the whole coloured specimens.

2009 – Colour - All colours permissible, but free from black or white shadings. Whole colours are: White, black, brown, light or dark, blue as pale as possible. Orange, which should be self -coloured and bright as possible. Beaver. Cream dogs have black noses and black eye rims. Whites must be quite free from lemon or any other colours. A few white hairs, in any of the self-coloured dogs permissible but undesirable. Dogs (other than white) with white or tan markings highly undesirable and not considered whole coloured specimens. In parti-coloured dogs, colours evenly distributed on the body in patches; a dog with white or tan feet or chest not a parti-coloured dog. Shaded sables should be shaded throughout with three or more colours, the hair to be as uniformly shaded as possible, and with no patches of self-colour. In mixed classes, where whole coloured and parti-coloured Pomeranians compete together, the preference should, if in all other points they are equal, be given to the whole coloured specimens.

 

2013 – Colour - The word ‘whole’ re-instated in opening sentence so it now reads – ‘all whole colours permissible’ – no other changes made.

2017 (April) – Colour - Added to Standard - Merles not permissible.   The German Spitz Klein & Mittel Standards added ‘with the exception of merle’ to colour section September 2016.

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1892 Size  – No dog over 20lb. weight shall be eligible to take a prize; the smaller specimens to be encouraged, and, where practicable at shows, the classes to be divided by weight, viz., ‘under’ and ‘over’ 7lbs.

1898 – Weight – Pomeranian over 8lbs, Pomeranian Miniature (Toy) under 8lbs

1909 – KC REGULATIONS AS TO THE REGISTRATION AND ELIGIBILITY FOR COMPETITION OF POMERANIANS AND POMERANIANS MINIATURE – AS OF DEC 10TH 1909

 

A “Pomeranian” must exceed 7lbs in weight.

A “Pomeranian (Miniature)” must not exceed 7lbs in weight.

Dogs exceeding 7lbs must be registered as Pomeranians.

Dogs not exceeding 7lbs should be registered as “Pomeranians” when under twelve months old, and re-registered as “Pomeranians (Miniature)” at that age, or any subsequent age, previous to exhibition if still under the weight limit. If NOT under the weight limit the original registration holds good.

Puppies not exceeding 7lbs weight can, in the first place, be registered as “Pomeranians (Miniature),” at owner’s risk. Dogs registered or re-registered as “Pomeranians (Miniature)” can never compete in classes for “Pomeranians” whatever weight they may subsequently attain.

In classes for “Pomeranians and Pomeranians (Miniature) Mixed,” all dogs of any weight, and whether puppies or not can compete.

In classes for “Pomeranians” all dogs exceeding 7lbs weight, whether puppies or not can compete.

In classes for “Pomeranians (Miniature),” all dogs not exceeding 7lbs weight (except puppies) can compete.

In classes for “Pomeranian Puppies,” puppies exceeding 7lbs weight ONLY can compete.

In classes for “Pomeranian (Miniature) Puppies,” puppies not exceeding 7lbs weight ONLY can compete, whether registered as “Pomeranians” or “Pomeranians Miniature.”

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1950 - Weight – 4 to 4 ½ lbs. for a dog and 4 ½ to 5 ½ lbs. for bitches.

1986 –Size - Ideal weights, Dogs: 1.8 – 2kgs (4 -4 ½lbs), Bitches: 2.00 – 2.5kgs (4 ½ lbs – 5 ½ lbs).

 

2009 – Size - Ideal weight: dogs: 1.8 – 2kgs (4 -4 ½lbs); bitches: 2.00 – 2.5kgs (4 ½ lbs – 5 ½ lbs).

 

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1878- Points of the Pomeranian – Head =10, Muzzle=5, Ears and Eyes= 5, Shoulders=5, Chest=5, Loin10, Feet=10, Coat=15, Colour=15, Tail=5, Symmetry=5 Total = 100

1892 – Scale of Points – Appearance =10, Head=5, Eyes=5, Ears =5, Nose=5, Neck and Shoulders=5 Body =10, Legs=5, Tail=10, Coat=20, Colour=10, Size=10 Total = 100

1898 – Scale of points – Appearance = 5, Head=10, Nose=5, Ears=5, Eyes=5, Neck and shoulders=10, Body=10, Legs=10, Tail=10, Coat=10, Colour=10, Size=10, Total =100

1901 & 1906 – Appearance =15, Head = 5, Eyes = 5, Ears =5, Nose=5, Neck and Shoulders=5, Body=10, Legs =5, Tail=10, Coat=25, Colour=10, Total = 100.

1909 – Scale of points – Appearance=10, Head and Nose = 10, Ears=5, Eyes=5, Neck and Body = 15, Legs=10, Tail=5, Coat=25, Colour=15. Total = 100 points

1950 - Faults – Undershot or overshot mouths; double jointed; light eyes; off-coloured noses; a tail carried to the side; ’hare feet’

1986 - Faults - Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

2009 – Faults - Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

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From the KC Calendar and Stud Book of 1959 – At the meeting of the General Committee on January 21st, 1958, further consideration was given to the question of Monorchids and Cryptorchids and it was decided that, as from January 1st 1959, any male dog which is exhibited at a Show and which is not entire (i.e. an entire dog is one which has both testicles descended and in the scrotum) shall be disqualified.

 

As of 1986 (to date) this was added to all KC breed standards.

Note – Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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